Essences Encyclopedia

  • Absolute of Jasmine (in Innamorata): Jasmine appeared in Grasse perfumeries in about 1650, this essence was immediately much loved, to the point that it is estimated that at the end of the 17th century the area where jasmine was grown in Grasse extended over fifteen hectares.
  • Acacia (in Sentore di Mare): is a genus of plants of the Mimosaceae family. In Italian, the best-known plants included in this genus are defined mimosas, while the term acacia in the current language refers to the species Robinia pseudoacacia.
  • Anise (in Liquirizia NeraInnamorata): Anise is an annual herbaceous plant, characterized by an erect stem, branched at the ends, and taproots. The fruit (improperly called seed) has a pleasant, sweet, fragrant and spicy taste at the same time. www.prezzisalute.com. The resulting essential oil has yellowish hues and gives off an intense and penetrating aroma (heart notes), and a taste that recalls licorice.
  • Artemisia (in Amber Oud): Herbaceous plant with a smell similar to a mixture of rosemary and basil.
  • Benzoin (in Black Rose OudSandalo Imperiale): Benzoin is a resin that comes out of the incisions made on the trunks of trees of the botanical genus Stylrax. At first fluid and milky, the resin solidifies and darkens in contact with the air. The semi-solid product then continues to harden and acquires orange-red tones up to translucent brown.
  • Berries (in Amarone Riserva): Berries are a category of fruit, the plants of which develop in the particular humid climate and acid soil of the undergrowth, in conditions of semi-shade and cold climate.
  • Birch (in Black Orchid Oud): Birch essence is used in perfumery for the preparation of “Russian leather”, in the food industry, in personal hygiene products (soaps, shampoos, hair lotions, aftershaves).
  • Black Pepper (in Sandalo Imperiale): The spice we know as black pepper is obtained from a particular processing of the fruits of Piper nigrum, a plant of the Piperaceae family native to India.
  • Blackcurrant (in Black Rose OudNinfea): Black currant is a plant belonging to the Grossulariaceae family. In addition to black currant, there is also red currant and white currant.
  • Blue Camomille (in Tobacco and Vanilla): Chamomile essential oil is obtained from Matricaria recutita, a plant of the Compositeae family. Known for its many properties, it is useful in case of stress.
  • Cardamom (in Arancio in Fiore): Cardamom indicates a set of spices obtained from tropical plants belonging to the Zingiberaceae family.
  • Cashmere Wood (in Black Orchid OudAmber Oud): Cashmeran (trade name; also known as indanoneoindomuscone musk; chemical name6,7-dihydro-1,1,2,3,3-pentamethyl-4 (5H) -indanoneoDPMI) is a chemical compound used in fragrances.
  • Cassis (in Amarone Riserva):
    Cassis is a variety of black currant, grown mainly in France and Northern Europe. The plant has very fragrant fruits with a sour taste, which ripen throughout the summer.
  • Cinnamon leaves (in Black Orchid Oud): From a botanical point of view, the buds of cinnamon are not flowers, but buds. They are harvested at the end of flowering when the flowers of the cinnamon tree are transformed into fruit. The buds are dried after harvesting, developing their characteristic and pleasant aroma.
  • Coconut (in Tuberosa NeraArancio in FioreTalco Dolce): The coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) is a plant of the Arecaceae family (subfamily Arecoideae, Cocoseae tribe). Native to tropical areas of Southeast Asia located in the Pacific Ocean such as the Philippines and coastal areas of India. It is the only recognized species of the genus Cocos.
  • Copahu Balm (in Magnifico Patchouli): The Copaiba tree (whose name apparently derives from the Indian term Tupi Cupa-yba, deposit tree) secretes a liquid oleoresin that collects in channels and cavities inside the trunk of the tree itself, from which it is extracted.
  • Coriander (in Arancio in Fiore): Coriandum sativum – better known as coriander – is an annual herbaceous plant from the countries of the Mediterranean Sea belonging to the family of the umbelliferae which also includes cumin, dill, fennel and parsley.
  • Cumin (in Sandalo Imperiale): Cumin essential oil is derived from Cuminum cyminum, a plant from the Apiaceae family.
  • Cyclamen (in Amore NeroSentore di Mare): Cyclamen (scientific name Cyclamen) is a genus of dicotyledonous spermatophyte plants belonging to the Primulaceae family (or Myrsinaceae according to the APG classification [1]), with the appearance of small tuberous herbaceous plants and delicate pink flowers.
  • Cypress (in Black Orchid OudIndian Incense): It is a family of fragrances characterized by the combination of elements such as oakmoss, labdanum and patchouli. The name derives from Coty’s “Chypre” from 1917.
  • Davana (in Amber Oud): Translated from English – Artemisia pallens, dhavanam from the Sanskrit name दमनक, is an aromatic herb, usually of small herbs or shrubs, of xerophytic nature.
  • Ebony Wood (in Viola): Ebony is a hard, compact and dark wood that is obtained from different tree species of the Diospyros genus, of the Ebenaceae family.
  • Eucalyptus (in Liquirizia Nera): Eucalyptus or eucalyptus are a genus of evergreen tree plants from Oceania and the Philippines, belonging to the Mirtaceae family. The name derives from the Greek εὖ, “well”, and καλύπτω, “hide”, referring to the fact that the petals hide the rest of the flower.
  • Ginger (in Amber OudAmarone Riserva): Ginger is a herbaceous plant of the Zingiberaceae native to the Far East. In ancient times it was also called gengiovo and sometimes today it is marketed under the English name of ginger.
  • Grapefruit Zest (in Arancio in Fiore): Grapefruit originates from China, but is now grown in temperate climate areas around the world. Essential oils are obtained from its peel and are mainly used for their antidepressant power and for their ability to increase the immune system.
  • Iris (in Indian IncenseTobacco and VanillaViola): Odor also used as a delicate and woody fixer obtained from the rhizome of the flower of Italian origin dried in the sun for three years. It is one of the most expensive and valuable components for creating perfumes.
  • Jasmine (in Amore Nero): it comes from the flower of the same name and is a floral and warm smell.
  • Lavender (in Amber OudAmore Nero): The fresh and aromatic smell is obtained from the ends of the flowering stems, freshly cut of the typical flower of southern France.
  • Leather (in Indian Incense): Of natural or synthetic origin, it is one of the oldest notes in perfumery. With a sweet (styrax) or smoky (birch) smell, it is often associated with powdery notes.
  • Licorice (in Liquirizia Nera): Licorice is a perennial herbaceous plant, up to one meter high, belonging to the Fabaceae family, as well as the name of the plant extract obtained by boiling its underground stem.
  • Lilac (in ViolaSette Agrumi): Syringa is a genus of the Oleaceae family, native to Europe and North Asia, Far East, Persia.

  • Limette (in Sandalo Imperiale): Lime or lime, also known commercially as lime, is a citrus fruit of the Rutaceae family.
    • Lotus Flower (in Ninfea): is a genus of aquatic plants, the only genus of the Nelumbonaceae family, appeared on earth 80 million years ago.
    • Magnolia (in NinfeaTalco Dolce): is a genus of plants of the Magnoliaceae family. It includes over 80 species, arboreal and shrubby, slow growing, but which in some species such as Magnolia campbellii and Magnolia officinalis can exceed 20 m in height, characterized by interesting blooms, originating in North and Central America, Asia and of the Himalayas.
      • Malt (in InnamorataViola): Malt is the kernel of a cereal that has undergone germination. Unless otherwise specified, “malt” commonly refers to barley malt.
      • Marine Notes (in Sentore di Mare): The ozonic / marine notes were born thanks to the discovery of a molecule “with the smell of the sea” with iodized and aquatic effects:
        Calone. The marine notes are associated with flowers, fruits, woods or citrus fruits.
      • Musk (in Black Rose OudSandalo ImperialeNinfeaTalco Dolce): Used in the form of a tincture, the natural product coming from mammalian glands is now replaced by synthetic products. It is indispensable in perfumery as it brings important elements of diffusion and tenacity.
      • Myrrh (in Indian Incense): Sweet and balsamic ingredient used as a fixer that is obtained from the resin of the homonymous tree typical of Saudi Arabia, Ethiopia.
      • Orange (in Amber OudInnamorataSette Agrumi): The sweet orange tree is native to the areas on the border between China and Vietnam and was imported to Haiti by Christopher Columbus in 1493 and then spread throughout the Antilles. It currently grows in tropical and sub-tropical areas. Its flower, white and fragrant, generates the fruit whose rind contains small glands full of essential oil.
      • Orchid (in Black Orchid Oud): Orchidaceae are a family of monocotyledonous plants belonging to the order of Orchidales. Their flowers are commonly called orchids.
      • Oud Wood (in Black Orchid OudBlack Rose OudAmber Oud): Agarwood, also known as oud, oodh or simply agar, is the resinous heartwood that forms in Aquilaria and Gyrinops trees when they are infected with a particular type of mold. Because of it, the tree produces a dark aromatic resin that thickens and is incorporated into the heartwood.
      • Patchouli Leaves (in Magnifico Patchouli): Pogostemon cablin is a perennial plant of the Labiate family, which has morphological characteristics very similar to those of mint, which is why these two plants can be confused.
      • Peach (in Tuberosa NeraAmarone Riserva): The peach is a species of the Rosaceae family that produces an edible fruit called pèsca The peach tree is a tree native to China.
      • Pimiento (in Tobacco and Vanilla): The allspice is an evergreen tree of the Mirtaceae, native to Jamaica and surrounding areas, from which a spice known as pimento, pimienta, Jamaican pepper or clove pepper is obtained.
      • Pink Pepper (in NinfeaAmarone Riserva): The fruit that comes from Shinus molle has the characteristic pink color and is very similar in shape to a pepper berry, which is why it is commonly called pink pepper or false pepper despite having a completely different and much more delicate and sweet flavor.
      • Raspberry (in Black Rose OudTuberosa NeraAmarone Riserva): The red raspberry or European raspberry (Rubus idaeus) is a fruit shrub belonging to the Rosaceae family and to the Rubus genus; whose homonymous fruit, red in color and sweet-sour taste, is highly appreciated in food preparations.
      • Resins (in Indian Incense): By plant resin we mean any mixture produced by a plant, of the fat-soluble type consisting of volatile and non-volatile terpenic compounds and / or phenolic compounds.
      • Rose (in Black Rose OudAmore Nero): Warm and persistent essential oil taken from flower petals. In perfumery different types of flowers are used, the most famous of which are the Bulgarian rose and the May rose.
      • Rosewood (in Sandalo Imperiale): The term rosewood commonly indicates a precious wood belonging to the Dalbergia genus. The same term may indicate different essences such as Machaerium scleroxylon and Ocotea cernua.
      • Russian Leather (in Tobacco and Vanilla): The leather of Russia, originally from some Russian districts such as Kazan and Astrakhan, was tanned with a secret mixture of tannins, among which, however, birch wood was recognized which, releasing its particular oil, gave the product a smell unique and characteristic.
      • Salty Notes (in Sentore di Mare): In chemistry, a salt is an electrically neutral chemical compound consisting of the set of several ions, generally arranged within a crystal lattice, joined by an ionic bond of more or less high ionicity.
      • Sclarea Sage (in Tobacco and Vanilla): Clary sage is a small aromatic herbaceous perennial plant with delicate labiati flowers belonging to the Lamiaceae family.
      • St Thomas Berries (in Amarone Riserva): This plant, also called West Indian laurel, comes from the Myrtaceae family and is mainly grown in Asia, East Africa and Venezuela. Externally, it appears to improve circulation, regenerate skin, promote hair growth and have a cleansing effect on the skin.
      • Star Anise (in Amarone Riserva): is a dicotyledonous angiosperm plant species. It is an evergreen tropical tree, 5-10 meters tall native to East Asia.
      • Sugar (in Innamorata): Sucrose, commonly called sugar, is an organic compound of the glucididisaccharide family, as its molecule is made up of two monosaccharides, more precisely glucose and fructose.
      • Sweet Woods (in Talco Dolce): Sweet woods are mainly conifers such as spruce, pine, fir, etc., as well as broad-leaved trees, such as lime and birch.
      • Tobacco (in Tobacco and Vanilla): The tobacco family is characterized by woody and honeyed notes. These notes give the perfumes a rich and velvety effect.
      • Turkish Rose (in Viola): Damascus rose, also known as rose of Castile, is a hybrid rose derived from rosa gallica, rosa moschata and rosa fedtschenkoana.
      • Vanilla Madagascar (in Indian Incense): Bourbon Vanilla (also called Madagascarofragrans Vanilla), almost unanimously considered the best vanilla in the world, thanks also to a vanillin content between 1.6 and 2.4 percent, the highest in nature.
      • Violet (in Amore Nero): Essence obtained from the leaves of the plant and has a delicate and fresh smell.
      • Violet Leaves (in Sandalo Imperiale): Violets are very popular pot or bedding plants. Available in a large number of colors, they are appreciated for their ability to bloom close to winter and for a prolonged period of time.
      • Water Jasmine (in Sette Agrumi): This species is commonly a bonsai plant, used in pagodas in Indochina and elsewhere. In Viet Nam, it can be called: Mai chiếu thủy, mai chấn thủy, mai trúc thủyolòng mức miên; in English, it has sometimes been translated as water jasmine.
      • White Flower (in Liquirizia Nera): The gardenia perfumes are among the most intoxicating among the fragrances with white flowers as protagonists.
      • White Honey (in Tobacco and Vanilla): White honey is obtained from Roobinia pseudoacacia, a plant belonging to the Hemimosaceae family, and for this reason it is also found under the name of dirobinia honey. It is from its flowers, when pollinated by bees, that this type of honey is obtained, with a vaguely floral scent and sweet flavor.
      • White Musk (in InnamorataSentore di Mare): Synthetic musk, known mainly as white musk, in the perfume industry is a class of synthetic flavorings, created by companies to emulate the scent of musk deer or other natural musks.
      • Woody Accords (in Sandalo ImperialeIndian Incense): also called Boisé and the warm and important notes of sandalwood, patchouli, cedar and vetiver dominate inside. Woody scents are mostly used as base notes, within the olfactory pyramid of a fragrance. The wood family is a family that is expanding more and more, enriching itself with ever new elements and inspirations: the woody essences, dry and soft, combine very well with other groups, giving life to the citrus, spicy, amber and spicy woody subfamilies leathery, marine, fruity and musky.